At this moment you’re feeling quite relieve. The verdict is in, and the pathologists delivered a ruling of ‘no cancer’. But whatever is contributing to elevated prostate specific antigen (PSA) level, may not cause prostate cancer. Now it’s your job to make sure that it doesn’t.
Prostate cancer is cause by two conditions that effect normal functioning of the prostate gland.
- Benign prostate hyperplasia or BPH.
- Inflammation or infection of the prostate, or prostatitis.
Either of these conditions cause elevated prostate specific antigen level, which led your urologist to suspect you may have prostate cancer.
BPH is treated with drugs. If there is a bacterial infection in the prostate, this can also be treated with drugs. The urologist will monitor your prostate health with digital rectal exams, and PSA tests.
Your job is to maintain overall excellent health to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. There may be other factors beyond your control, which may increase the risk. But if you follow these simple guidelines, you may help reduce the risk.
- A balanced low-fat diet. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables containing lycopene – tomatoes, grapefruits, watermelons.
- Reduce physical and mental stress. Sleep for 8 hours every night. Exercise regularly, and adopt only those activities that induce relaxation.
- Reduce alcohol consumption, and quit smoking.
- Report any changes, no matter how insignificant, to your doctor.
- Never miss any scheduled follow-up exams.
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